By Lenni Brenner *
The Iron Wall (We and the Arabs) Vladimir Jabotinsky
Rassvyet (Berlin), November 4, 1923
What's the hurry?
Aluf Benn & Shmuel Rosner
Haaretz - December 27, 2007
Can anyone be more defensive of Zionism's reputation than Israel's Prime Minister? Therefore many people wondered why Ehud Olmert suddenly announced
after Annapolis that "if the day comes when the two-state solution collapses, and
we face a South African-style struggle for equal voting rights, then, as soon
as that happens, the State of Israel is finished." (news.bbc.co.uk - 11/29/07)
Apparently he was reacting to US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice's blunt
statements to him. Haaretz, Israel's most prestigious newspaper, tells us
that "In private conversations - and as she said in Annapolis - Rice tends to compare the Israeli occupation in the territories to the racial segregation
that used to be the norm in the American South. The Israel Defense Forces checkpoints where Palestinians are detained remind her of the buses she rode
as a child in Alabama, which had separate seats for blacks and whites. This is an uncomfortable comparison, of course, for the Israelis, who view it as "over-identification" on her part with Palestinian suffering." - (Aluf Benn,
"What's the hurry?" (Haaretz - 12/27/07)
Abe Foxman of America's Anti-Defamation League and other apologists for Israel scream at ex-President Jimmy Carter for attacking West Bank Israeli
apartheid. And Haaretz says that American Zionist ultras are dumping on Rice
for using the s-word, which, if it sticks to Israel, will ultimately be fatal for Zionism in the US. Now these fanatics ar ranting at Olmert for his
statement. But he is smarter than them. When Carter and Rice say what they say, Israel must
make a deal with the Palestine Authority and the Arab states backing it, or
face growing opposition within American imperialism from those more concerned about Arab oil than Zionist campaign contributions. Olmert knows that
growing divisions between Israel and its patron will inevitably inspire many
Palestinians to continue to fight Zionism until it is defeated like the apartheid regime
that even he says it resembles.
Of course Olment isn't abandoning Israel's 'right' to exist as a Jewish
state within borders recognized by the Authority and the Arab world. Ditto Carter
and Rice. But if a Jewish state is legitimate in principle, how and why did
"the only democracy in the Middle East," as Israel proclaims itself, end up
looking like apartheid South Africa and the segregated American south, even
in the eyes of its own PM and Bush's international motor-mouth? Be sure that we
will never get honest answers to that query from Olmert, much less from
Rice, who shows zero signs of in-depth knowledge of Zionist history. But there is
indeed an intelligent explanation, and we can find it in "The Iron Wall (We
and the Arabs)," written in 1923 by Vladimir Jabotinsky (1880-1940), the founder
of the "Zionist -Revisionist" movement which Olmert grew up in.
Although he was born in what is now Ukrainia, Jabotinsky was Russian-speaking
and a gifted writer in that language and many others. Indeed his talents
were so extraordinary that he soon became a leading international Zionist figure and
was instrumental in getting London to establish a "Jewish Legion" in 1917 to
help Britain take Palestine from the Ottoman empire.
Zionism, like any ideology, has writers who don't do and doers who don't write. But fighting in the imperial army made Jabotinsky the writer into a
realistic doer. Read him on "colonisation," his c-word. You will understand
exactly why Israel, regardless of all the monkey-chatter about it being "the only
democracy in the Middle East," inexorably came to be the discriminatory
regime summed up so well by Rice's "segregation" and Olmert's "apartheid."
They each, in different voices, call for a "2-state solution." But Olmert
wants as big a Zionist state as he can keep with minimal Israeli casualties,
with the Palestinians confined in a Bantustine no bigger than a broom-closet.
Rice is prepared to be a tad more generous. But segregation or apartheid, religious or ethnic, has no right to exist on even one inch of our planet.
After decades of struggle, American legal segregation and South African apartheid
are dead and gone and we all say good riddance to them. In time, when
progressive Palestinians and Israelis get their act together and set up their equivalent
of the American civil rights movement and the African National Congress,
Zionism will join segregation and apartheid in the cemetary reserved for discredited
and defeated colonial regimes.
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Vladimir Jabotinsky, "The Iron Wall (We and the Arabs),"
Rassvyet (Berlin), November 4, 1923
[Note: The article 1st appeared in English, captioned as below,
in South Africa's 11/26/37 Jewish Herald. - LB]
The Iron Wall
Colonisation of Palestine
Agreement with Arabs Impossible at Present
Zionism Must Go Forward
By Vladimir Jabotinsky
It is an excellent rule to begin an article with the most important
point. But this time, I find it necessary to begin with an
introduction, and, moreover, with a personal introduction.
I am reputed to be an enemy of the Arabs, who wants to have them ejected from Palestine, and so forth. It is not true.
Emotionally, my attitude to the Arabs is the same as to all other nations – polite indifference. Politically, my attitude is determined by two principles. First of all, I consider it utterly impossible to eject the Arabs from Palestine. There will always be two nations in Palestine – which is good enough for me, provided the Jews become the majority. And secondly, I belong to the group that once drew up the Helsingfors Programme, the programme of national rights for all nationalities living in the same State. In drawing up that programme, we had in mind not only the Jews, but all nations everywhere, and its basis is equality of rights.
I am prepared to take an oath binding ourselves and our descendants that we shall never do anything contrary to the principle of equal rights, and that we shall never try to eject anyone. This seems to me a fairly peaceful credo.
But it is quite another question whether it is always possible to realise a peaceful aim by peaceful means. For the answer to this question does not depend on our attitude to the Arabs; but entirely on the attitude of the Arabs to us and to Zionism.
Now, after this introduction, we may proceed to the subject.
Voluntary Agreement Not Possible
There can be no voluntary agreement between ourselves and the Palestine Arabs. Not now, nor in the prospective future. I say this with such conviction, not because I want to hurt the moderate Zionists. I do not believe that they will be hurt. Except for those who were born blind, they realised long ago that it is utterly impossible to obtain the voluntary consent of the Palestine Arabs for converting "Palestine" from an Arab country into a country with a Jewish majority.
My readers have a general idea of the history of colonisation in other countries. I suggest that they consider all the precedents with which they are acquainted, and see whether there is one solitary instance of any colonisation being carried on with the consent of the native population. There is no such precedent.
The native populations, civilised or uncivilised, have always stubbornly resisted the colonists, irrespective of whether they were civilised or savage.
And it made no difference whatever whether the colonists behaved decently or not. The companions of Cortez and Pizzaro or (as some people will remind us) our own ancestors under Joshua Ben Nun, behaved like brigands; but the Pilgrim Fathers, the first real pioneers of North America, were people of the highest morality, who did not want to do harm to anyone, least of all to the Red Indians; and they honestly believed that there was room enough in the prairies both for the Paleface and the Redskin. Yet the native population fought with the same ferocity against the good colonists as against the bad.
Every native population, civilised or not, regards its land as its national home, of which it is the sole master, and it wants to retain that mastery always; it will refuse to admit not only new masters but, even new partners or collaborators.
Arabs Not Fools
This is equally true of the Arabs. Our peace-mongers are trying to persuade us that the Arabs are either fools, whom we can deceive by masking our real aims, or that they are corrupt and can be bribed to abandon to us their claim to priority in Palestine, in return for cultural and economic advantages. I repudiate this conception of the Palestinian Arabs. Culturally they are five hundred years behind us; they have neither our endurance nor our determination; but they are just as good psychologists as we are, and their minds have been sharpened like ours by centuries of fine-spun logomachy. We may tell them whatever we like about the innocence of our aims, watering them down and sweetening them with honeyed words to make them palatable, but they know what we want, as well as we know what they do not want. They feel at least the same instinctive jealous love of Palestine, as the old Aztecs felt for ancient Mexico, and the Sioux for their rolling Prairies.
To imagine, as our Arabophiles do, that they will voluntarily consent to the realisation of Zionism. In return for the moral and material conveniences which the Jewish colonist brings with him, is a childish notion, which has at bottom a kind of contempt for the Arab people; it means that they despise the Arab race, which they regard as a corrupt mob that can be bought and sold, and are willing to give up their fatherland for a good railway system.
All Natives Resist Colonists
There is no justification for such a belief. It may be that some individual Arabs take bribes. But that does not mean that the Arab people of Palestine as a whole will sell that fervent patriotism that they guard so jealously, and which even the Papuans will never sell.
Every native population in the world resists colonists as long as it has the slightest hope of being able to rid itself of the danger of being colonised.
That is what the Arabs in Palestine are doing, and what they will persist in doing as long as there remains a solitary spark of hope that they will be able to prevent the transformation of "Palestine" into the "Land of Israel."
Some of us have induced ourselves to believe that all the trouble is due to misunderstanding –- the Arabs have not understood us, and that is the only reason why they resist us; if we can only make it clear to them how moderate our intentions really are, they will immediately extend to us their hand in friendship.
This belief is utterly unfounded and it has been exploded again and again. I shall recall only one instance of many. A few years ago, when the late Mr. Sokolow was on one of his periodic visits to Palestine, he addressed a meeting on this very question of the "misunderstanding." He demonstrated lucidly and convincingly that the Arabs are terribly mistaken if they think that we have any desire to deprive them of their possessions or to drive them our of the country, or that we want to oppress them. We do not even ask for a Jewish Government to hold the Mandate of the League of Nations.
One of the Arab papers, "El Carmel," replied at the time, in an editorial article, the purport of which was this :
The Zionists are making a fuss about nothing. There is no misunderstanding. All that Mr. Sokolow says about the Zionist intentions is true, but the Arabs know that without him. Of course, the Zionists cannot now be thinking of driving the Arabs out of the country, or oppressing them, not do they contemplate a Jewish Government. Quite obviously, they are now concerned with one thing only -- that the Arabs should not hinder their immigration. The Zionists assure us that even immigration will be regulated strictly according to the economic needs of Palestine. The Arabs have never doubted that: it is a truism, for otherwise there can be no immigration.
This Arab editor was actually willing to agree that Palestine has a very large potential absorptive capacity, meaning that there is room for a great many Jews in the country without displacing a single Arab. There is only one thing the Zionists want, and it is that one thing that the Arabs do not want, for that is the way by which the Jews would gradually become the majority, and then a Jewish Government would follow automatically; and the future of the Arab minority would depend on the goodwill of the Jews; and a minority status is not a good thing, as the Jews themselves are never tired of pointing out. So there is no "misunderstanding."
The Zionists want only one thing, Jewish immigration; and this Jewish immigration is what the Arabs do not want.
This statement of the position by the Arab editor is so logical, so obvious, so indisputable, that everyone ought to know it by heart, and it should be made the basis of all our future discussions on the Arab question. It does not matter at all which phraseology we employ in explaining our colonising aims, Herzl's or Sir Herbert Samuel's.
Colonisation carries its own explanation, the only possible explanation, unalterable and as clear as daylight to every ordinary Jew and every ordinary Arab.
Colonisation can have only one aim, and Palestine Arabs cannot accept this aim. It lies in the very nature of things, and in this particular regard nature cannot be changed.
The Iron Wall
We cannot offer any adequate compensation to the Palestinian Arabs in return for Palestine. And therefore, there is no likelihood of any voluntary agreement being reached. So that all those who regard such an agreement as a condition sine qua non for Zionism may as well say "non" and withdraw from Zionism.
Zionist colonisation must either stop, or else proceed regardless of the native population. Which means that it can proceed and develop only under the protection of a power that is independent of the native population –- behind an iron wall, which the native population cannot breach.
That is our Arab policy; not what we should be, but what it actually is, whether we admit it or not. What need, otherwise, of the Balfour Declaration? Or of the Mandate? Their value to us is that an outside Power has undertaken to create in the country such conditions of administration and security that if the native population should desire to hinder our work, they will find it impossible.
And we are all of us ,without any exception, demanding day after day that this outside Power should carry out this task vigorously and with determination.
In this matter there is no difference between our "militarists" and our "vegetarians". Except that the first prefer that the iron wall should consist of Jewish soldiers, and the others are content that they should be British.
We all demand that there should be an iron wall. Yet we keep spoiling our own case, by talking about "agreement," which means telling the Mandatory Government that the important thing is not the iron wall, but discussions. Empty rhetoric of this kind is dangerous. And that is why itis not only a pleasure but a duty to discredit it and to demonstrate that it is both fantastic and dishonest.
Zionism Moral and Just
Two brief remarks:
In the first place, if anyone objects that this point of view is immoral, I answer: It is not true; either Zionism is moral and just ,or it is immoral and unjust. But that is a question that we should have settled before we became Zionists. Actually we have settled that question, and in the affirmative.
We hold that Zionism is moral and just. And since it is moral and just, justice must be done, no matter whether Joseph or Simon or Ivan or Achmet agree with it or not.
There is no other morality.
In the second place, this does not mean that there cannot be any agreement with the Palestine Arabs. What is impossible is a voluntary agreement. As long as the Arabs feel that there is the least hope of getting rid of us, they will refuse to give up this hope in return for either kind words or for bread and butter, because they are not a rabble, but a living people. And when a living people yields in matters of such a vital character it is only when there is no longer any hope of getting rid of us, because they can make no breach in the iron wall. Not till then will they drop their extremist leaders whose watchword is "Never!" And the leadership will pass to the moderate groups, who will approach us with a proposal that we should both agree to mutual concessions. Then we may expect them to discuss honestly practical questions, such as a guarantee against Arab displacement, or equal rights for Arab citizens, or Arab national integrity.
And when that happens, I am convinced that we Jews will be found ready to give them satisfactory guarantees, so that both peoples can live together in peace, like good neighbours.
But the only way to obtain such an agreement, is the iron wall, which is to say a strong power in Palestine that is not amenable to any Arab pressure. In other words, the only way to reach an agreement in the future is to abandon all ideas of seeking an agreement at present.
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What's the hurry?
By Aluf Benn & Shmuel Rosner
The Annapolis summit and the efforts to
revive the peace process have exacerbated the tension that already existed between Prime Minister Ehud
Olmert and U.S. Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. Olmert's personal charm doesn't
work on Rice, and the Prime Minister's Office is anxious about her tendency to
push ahead too quickly with political contacts.
The latest point of friction had to do with the conference of donor
countries to the Palestinians that took place in Paris last week. Rice wanted to proceed from the conference to Jerusalem, to make sure that the political
process hadn't withered and died after the fanfare in Annapolis. There was a
decision already. What made her change her mind and not come? One version has it that
she received a message from the White House not to rush things, to give the Israelis and Palestinians some time to work things out without her.
Olmert's bureau denies that Israel intervened to block Rice's visit. David
Welch, her aide on Middle East affairs, who had visited Israel a few days
before that, felt that in any event, she wouldn't be able to achieve much with a
lightning visit so soon after Annapolis. The Americans say they don't want
Rice's visits to become just a worthless routine. It was clear that this time, nothing much could come of it.
In private conversations - and as she said in Annapolis - Rice tends to compare the Israeli occupation in the territories to the racial segregation
that used to be the norm in the American South. The Israel Defense Forces
checkpoints where Palestinians are detained remind her of the buses she rode as a child
in Alabama, which had separate seats for blacks and whites. This is an uncomfortable comparison, of course, for the Israelis, who view it as "over-identification" on her part with Palestinian suffering. For some
leaders of American Jewish organizations, who weren't all that fond of Rice to begin with, her
use of this image was the last straw. Rice is now marked as an enemy. It's also easier for them to blame her, rather than the president, for an approach
that's not to their liking.
But Rice's anger at Israel really derives from more current events: She was
deeply offended at the height of the Second Lebanon War, while preparing to
leave for Beirut to pull together a cease-fire, when the IDF killed Lebanese
civilians during the bombing of Kafr Kana. Her trip was canceled at the last
minute, the war went on for more than another two weeks, and some who know
her say that Rice never forgave Israel for this slap in the face.
In recent months, she's been heard grumbling about Israel's foot-dragging in
carrying out good-will gestures toward Palestinian Authority President
Mahmoud Abbas. The tension became more open in connection with the Annapolis summit,
say Israeli sources.
Rice changed the title of the event from "an international meeting" to a "summit," despite Israel's express objections. She supported the Palestinian
position, which called for the establishment of a Palestinian state in
tandem with the implementation of the road map. Israel balked, and managed to win
consent for "sequential" implementation - that is, first a war on terror and then a
When the leaders met with President George W. Bush prior to the official start of the summit, Olmert said that if he had any disagreements with Rice,
he would turn to the president. "You'll get the same answer from him," Rice
Olmert insisted on his right to appeal to the White House. Bush listened and
didn't say anything, but officials in Washington advise that one shouldn't
attach too much importance to this silence. Bush likes Olmert, but he likes
Rice a lot more. Something very serious would have to happen for the president to
override her authority. And she's smart enough not to clash with Israel
without first checking with the president just how far she can go.
Israel needs an unofficial channel of communication, a "Rice bypass road,"
to the White House. Steve Hadley, the national security advisor, who was Rice's
deputy during Bush's first term, is very close to her and wouldn't operate
behind her back.
And there is no Jewish leader in the Republican Party who, like Max Fisher
in the past, has sufficient enough influence to just phone up the president and
quietlytake care of things. Most Jewish Republicans who have a degree of access to the White House are not fans of the political process, and some are busy promoting the campaign against a division of Jerusalem, an effort that
Olmert perceives as a personal campaign against him and in favor of Benjamin
Which basically leaves Olmert as the guy who can communicate with Bush.
Foreign Minister Tzipi Livni is maintaining her own channel of communication
with her American counterpart, even if it appears that their initial mutual
infatuation has faded. At the Prime Minister's Office, the focus is now on
Bush's January 9th visit. Expected to top the agenda is the Iranian threat
and the ramifications of the American intelligence report that said Iran is not planning to develop a military nuclear capability. On the Palestinian issue,
those in Olmert's circle believe that Bush will make do with some nice words and
not bug his hosts with demands to evacuate outposts and remove checkpoints. Rice
will have to deal with these troubles after Bush goes back home. And she apparently has every intention of doing so.
Thanks for dinner
On Wednesday afternoon, Olmert bid farewell to his spokesperson to the foreign press, Miri Eisen, and as usual, peppered his talk with plenty of
jokes and soccer anecdotes.
He patted the head of Yiftah, Eisen's oldest child, and described how he showed him the autographed shirt he received from Ronaldinho, the Brazilian
Afterward, he met with the five members of the Meretz Knesset faction. It's
hard to believe that on the same day, the 2008 state budget was passed in
the Knesset, five days before the deadline, without creating any political noise
or revolts within the coalition.
"The days of the budget" used to be a synonym for crisis. Not with Olmert:
This is the second year in a row that the budget has quietly slipped through
the political system. Before the good-bye party for Eisen, the prime minister
sat down with Finance Minister Roni Bar-On, Interior Minister Meir Sheetrit and
budget director Kobi Haber.
No tension or stress was evident on their faces when they emerged from their
The vote in the Knesset plenum at the end of the evening was postponed by an
hour, so Olmert would have time to attend the conference of the Or Yarok (Green Light) road safety organization. Obviously, he didn't feel any
pressure to be present beforehand to iron out any last-minute problems.
"You see, there is a functioning government," Olmert boasts. It's certainly
easier to get a budget passed when the economy is booming and the state is
collecting a lot of taxes. And there's a personal aspect, too: Olmert, the
"professor of politics," as Meretz members called him at the start of their
meeting, is more skilled than his predecessors at managing his relations with the coalition and the opposition.
He doesn't portray his ministers as a bunch of honor-obsessed idiots, as previous prime ministers have done, and the ministers don't complain about
his insensitivity and arrogance. Nor do they have any reason to. Cabinet
secretary Oved Yehezkel, the coalition's maintenance man, is always at their disposal.
Any time a minister wishes to speak to or meet with the prime minister, he can
expect an immediate response.
One minister from Labor, who was invited with his wife to have dinner with
Ehud and Aliza Olmert, received the following treatment: The prime minister
showed up right on time, even though he was busy with security matters (of
which the minister was aware). Earlier that evening, there'd been an unflattering
report about Olmert on television, but the prime minister ignored it and
chatted with his guests as if nothing had happened. He even declined to take a call
from his media advisor. The next day, Olmert phoned the minister and told
him that he'd had a wonderful evening. Another day passed, and Aliza Olmert
called the minister's wife to thank her for the lovely evening. And as if that
weren't enough, on Sunday Yehezkel caught up with the minister as he was on his way to the cabinet meeting and said
something like: I don't know what you two did, but he (Olmert) hasn't
stopped talking about you for the past three days.
Instead of speaking to the public and granting interviews to the press - an
approach that proved detrimental to Barak and Netanyahu as prime ministers -
Olmert invests his time in the "100 most influential people" who will affect
his political survival.
He knows how to talk to win their sympathy. True, Olmert isn't yet popular
in the polls, but his government is showing some impressive political stability
- so much so that the looming Winograd report doesn't even seem that threatening. The threat of early elections is also fading, as Minister Haim
Ramon proudly noted this week.
Who is weak?
Rice's exasperation with Israel's behavior stems primarily from the gap between expectations and results, and from the fast-dwindling time she has
left on the seventh floor of the U.S. State Department. Rice thinks that Israel received a lot and didn't give anything in return. As she sees it, the Bush
administration gave Israel two important gifts in the president's April,
2004 letter to Ariel Sharon: implied recognition of the settlement blocs, and a demand
that the refugees return to the Palestinian state and not to Israel. But Israel
isn't responding with the proper counter-gestures. Here, however, they say
that Rice received plenty and that she ought to be more patient. After all,
within a month, Israel went to the major political event in Annapolis, and then the
donor countries agreed to give the PA even more than she asked for. That's
not bad for such a short time. What's her big rush?
The problem is that Rice embarked on this campaign in the belief that she
would succeed in cutting the Gordian knot of the Israeli-Palestinian
She hoped that in Annapolis principles would be set down for a final-status
accord, but Israel told her that wasn't going to happen. She thinks that the
PA is making satisfactory progress with the reform of its security forces, while
officials in Israel say she's exaggerating and that the reform is still very
far from accomplishing anything.
She wanted to Israel to make more good-will gestures, but the Israelis
remind here that this will be hard to do as long as Qassam rockets continue to fall
She wanted to see outposts evacuated, and in Israel they blew her off,
citing the danger it would pose to the coalition.
Whether Israel likes it or not, it has been cast in the role of the
obstacle, as the one putting the brakes on - while Abbas and his prime minister Salam Fayyad are seen as the ones who want to make progress. Rice, too, wants
things to move.
The brakes bother her. Though there are times when she's convinced that it's
appropriate, lately it's been ticking her off more.
Israel shouldn't be surprised by Rice's irritation. Rice can see just as
well as the next person how easily the budget was passed in Israel, and has to be
asking herself whether the cliche about "a weak Olmert" isn't just an excuse
for more foot-dragging.
This is where the difference between her and Bush is most noticeable. She's
not a politician; he is. Even those of her disciples who believe she has a
good grasp of strategy in the Middle East - and there are many - will also admit
that the political arena is foreign to her. Certainly the complex Israeli
political arena with its myriad players, big and small. And still, Rice's
people ask: Not even one outpost?
One little pre-fab?
Rice is right in saying that Israel is not making good on its commitment on
this matter, but in Israel they say that fulfilling the obligation would sabotage more important moves. Will the coalition's stability endure when
the government tries to evacuate outposts, or to make serious progress in the
negotiations with the Palestinians? Rice wants to believe that the answer is
yes, but no one in Israel is willing to bet on it. The word in Olmert's bureau is that
the coalition relies on the distinction between "theory and deed." As long
as we're only talking with the Palestinians, everyone can sit comfortably in
their cabinet seats. But a forceful evacuation of settlers, or far-reaching understandings with Abbas, could upset the partnership with Lieberman and
Shas. Olmert is well aware of this, and prefers to maintain the coalition and the government over making any serious moves in the territories.
For Rice to understand this too, however, she'll have to be convinced each
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*Lenni Brenner was
born into an Orthodox Jewish family. He became an atheist at 10, and a left political activist at 15, in 1952. He was arrested 3 times
during 1960s Black civil rights sit-ins in the San Francisco Bay Area. He
spent 39 months in prison when a court revoked his probation for marijuana possession, because of his activities during the Berkeley Free Speech
Movement at the University of California in 1964.
Immediately on imprisonment, he spent 4 days in intense discussion with Huey
Newton, later founder of the Black Panther Party, whom he encountered in the
court holding tank. Later he worked with Stokely Carmichael (later Kwame
Ture), the legendary "Black Power" leader of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating
Committee, in the Committee against Zionism and Racism, from 1985 until
Ture's death in 1998.
Brenner is the author of 4 books, Zionism in the Age of the Dictators, The
Iron Wall: Zionist Revisionism from Jabotinsky to Shamir, Jews in America
Today, and The Lesser Evil, a study of the Democratic Party. His books have been
favorably reviewed in 11 languages by prominent publications, including the
London Times, The London Review of Books, Moscow's Izvestia and the
He has written over 120 articles for many publications, including the American Atheist, New York's Amsterdam News, the Anderson Valley Advertiser,
The Atlanta Constitution, CounterPunch, The Jewish Guardian, The Nation, The Washington Report on Middle East Affairs, Middle East Policy, Middle East
International, The Journal of Palestine Studies, The New Statesman of
London, Al-Fajr in Jerusalem and Dublin's United Irishman. In 2002 he edited 51 Documents: Zionist Collaboration with the Nazis.
It contains complete translations of many of the documents quoted in Zionism in the Age of the Dictators and The Iron Wall.
In 2004 he edited Jefferson & Madison On Separation of Church and State: Writings on Religion and Secularism.
He blogs at
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